Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Special article

Vol. 150 No. 1314 (2020)

COVID-19 pandemic: triage for intensive-care treatment under resource scarcity

  • Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences
Cite this as:
Swiss Med Wkly. 2020;150:w20229


  1. Bouadma L Lescure FX Lucet JC Yazdanpanah Y Timsit JF. Severe SARS-CoV-2 infections: practical considerations and management strategy for intensivists. Intensive Care Med. 2020 Feb 26; Epub ahead of print. doi:.
  2. Bundesamt für Gesundheit (BAG). Influenza-Pandemieplan Schweiz. Strategien und Massnahmen zur Vorbereitung auf eine Influenza-Pandemie, 5. Auflage 2018, Kap. 6.1. sowie insb. Teil II.I «Ethische Fragen des Influenza-Pandemieplan Schweiz 2006», Stellungnahme der Nationalen Ethikkommission NEK-CNE Nr. 12/2006.
  3. Cheung WK Myburgh J Seppelt IM Parr MJ Blackwell N Demonte S Influenza Pandemic ICU Triage Study Investigators. A multicentre evaluation of two intensive care unit triage protocols for use in an influenza pandemic. Med J Aust. 2012;197(3):178–81.
  4. Christian MD Hawryluck L Wax RS Cook T Lazar NM Herridge MS Development of a triage protocol for critical care during an influenza pandemic. CMAJ. 2006;175(11):1377–81.
  5. The Hastings Center. Ethical Framework for Health Care Institutions Responding to Novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19). Guidelines for Institutional Ethics Services Responding to COVID-19. Managing Uncertainty, Safeguarding Communities, Guiding Practice. March 16, 2020.
  6. Liao X Wang B Kang Y. Novel coronavirus infection during the 2019-2020 epidemic: preparing intensive care units-the experience in Sichuan Province, China. Intensive Care Med. 2020;46(2):357–60.
  7. MacLaren G Fisher D Brodie D. Preparing for the Most Critically Ill Patients With COVID-19: The Potential Role of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. JAMA. 2020;.
  8. Murthy S Gomersall CD Fowler RA. Care for Critically Ill Patients With COVID-19. JAMA. 2020;.
  9. Ñamendys-Silva SA. Respiratory support for patients with COVID-19 infection. Lancet Respir Med. 2020;S2213-2600(20)30110-7.
  10. Österreichische Gesellschaft für Anaesthesiologie. Reanimation und Intensivmedizin (ÖGARI). Allokation intensivmedizinischer Ressourcen aus Anlass der Covid-19-Pandemie. Klinisch-ethische Empfehlungen für Beginn, Durchführung und Beendigung von Intensivtherapie bei Covid-19-PatientInnen. Statement der Arbeitsgruppe Ethik der ÖGARI vom 17.03.2020.
  11. Persad G Wertheimer A Emanuel EJ. Principles for allocation of scarce medical interventions. Lancet. 2009;373(9661):423–31.
  12. Yang X Yu Y Xu J Shu H Xia J Liu H Clinical course and outcomes of critically ill patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a single-centered, retrospective, observational study. Lancet Respir Med. 2020;S2213-2600(20)30079-5.
  13. Wu C Chen X Cai Y Xia J Zhou X Xu S Risk Factors Associated With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Death in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia in Wuhan, China. JAMA Intern Med. 2020 Mar 13; Epub ahead of print. doi:.
  14. Zhou F Yu T Du R Fan G Liu Y Liu Z Clinical course and risk factors for mortality of adult inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet. 2020;S0140-6736(20)30566-3.
  15. The latest literature on SARS-CoV-2 is made available on the website of the Swiss Intensive Care Medicine Society (SGI-SSMI) at