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Imaging patterns of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in HIV-positive and renal transplant patients – a multicentre study
Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) may present with a very variable pattern of clinical and radiological manifestations, depending on the immunological status of the patient.
Systematic use of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in MINOCA led to a five-fold increase in the detection rate of myocarditis: a retrospective study
In a previous pilot study, the authors showed that systematic work-up of patients with myocardial infarction and non-obstructive coronary artery disease (MINOCA) using CMR led to a more than six-fold increase in the detection rate of myocarditis.
Considerable progress has been made over the last decades in the diagnosis of NET with new tracers. In addition, the successful administration of these molecules with radioisotopes, which have positron emitting properties, has been extensively and successfully explored.
Clinical presentation of 54 patients with endogenous hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia: a neurological chameleon (observational study)
Important causes of endogenous hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia (EHH) in adult patients are insulinoma and adult nesidioblastosis. Data on main symptoms in EHH are scarce and controversial.
The manifestations of giant cell arteritis can be variable. About a third of large-vessel giant cell arteritis patients have no sonographic evidence of temporal vasculitis, and more than half have normal histology of the temporal artery.
Atypical parkinsonian syndromes are characterised by a modest or nonexistent response to dopaminergic therapy and a poor prognosis, with selective neuronal loss in distinct brain regions that differ from those involved in of Parkinson’s disease.
Gamma knife radiosurgery for arteriovenous malformations: general principles and preliminary results in a Swiss cohort
Arteriovenous malformations are characterised by an abnormal connection between arteries and veins, bypassing the capillary system. Management modalities are observation, microsurgical clipping, endovascular treatment and radiosurgery.
Computed tomography imaging for the characterisation of drugs with radiation density measurements and HU spectroscopy
In patients undergoing an abdominal CT scan, a density assessment of pills incidentally found within the gastrointestinal tract might provide additional information on therapy compliance, and might even be life-saving.
Accurate evaluation and monitoring of iron overload has major implications regarding prognosis and quality of life. MRI can evaluate the presence of iron overload and aid the detection of underlying conditions.
Arterial spin labelling may have advantages over functional magnetic resonance imaging when slow varying changes in brain function are investigated, as in this study in patients with chronic pelvic pain syndrome.