Topic Collection Search
Allergy and immunology
Complementary medicine and alternative therapies
Critical care / intensive care
Dentistry / oral medicine
Geriatric medicine / aging
Haematology / blood transfusion
History of medicine
Legal and forensic medicine
Nutrition and metabolism
Obstetrics and gynaecology
Occupational and environmental medicine
Organisation of health care
Otolaryngology / head and neck surgery
Pharmacology and therapeutics
Primary care, family medicine
Psychiatry and psychotherapy
Quality of care
Statistics and research methods
Administratively collected data in clinics and insurance companies constitute a convenient data source for epidemiological studies. In conjunction with the capture-recapture method an approach with comparatively low effort and costs for the surveillance of chronic disease can be provided.
Trends of incidence, mortality and survival for chronic lymphocytic leukaemia / small lymphocytic lymphoma in Switzerland between 1997 and 2016: a population-based study
During the last 20 years, treatment for chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and small lymphocytic lymphoma has advanced, with improved clinical outcomes in randomised controlled trials, but no data have been published from Switzerland to assess effectiveness of recent healthcare advances in CLL/SLL on a population-based level.
Vitamin D deficiency was a common finding in this cohort, affecting all age groups and occurring in over half of the values measured. As current guidelines recommend vitamin D concentrations >75 nmol/l, only 22.1% of measured values indicated adequate vitamin D levels. This issue should be addressed in order to improve quality of life and reduce medical costs.
With nearly 100% direct-acting antiviral treatment success and a low reinfection rate, treatment uptake directly translates into a reduction of HCV-RNA prevalence. Eighty percent treatment uptake is feasible in opioid agonist therapy patients, and adherence and treatment success are not worse than in other populations.
Harnessing unique experiences to build competence: Medical student engagement in frontline care during the COVID-19 pandemic
As countries experience subsequent pandemic waves and identified variants of SARS-CoV-2, the lessons learned from the current interventions may help guide medical education leaders across the globe in their decisions concerning how to promote medical student engagement in frontline care during a continuing public health crisis.
In cooperation with the Federal Office of Public Health, a surveillance database was set up in February 2020 to monitor hospitalised patients with COVID-19, in addition to their mandatory reporting system. The surveillance system has been successfully initiated and provides a robust set of data for Switzerland by including about 80% (compared with official statistics) of SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 hospitalised patients, with similar age and comorbidity distributions. It adds detailed information on the epidemiology, risk factors and clinical course of these cases and, therefore, is a valuable addition to the existing mandatory reporting.
COVID-19 Inmate Risk Appraisal (CIRA): development and validation of a screening tool to assess COVID-19 vulnerability in prisons
Although medical doctors make evaluations of COVID-19 mortality risk in certain custodial settings, there is no available tool to quantify prisoners’ vulnerability and classify them into risk categories. To address this gap and assist custodial staff taking early measures to protect detained persons, the present study collected data from the two largest prisons in Switzerland to develop a screening tool to identify prisoners at increased mortality risk and to classify them in risk categories and to test its validity when compared with national recommendations and clinical evaluation of COVID-19 vulnerability.
Swiss family physicians and home visits: a 10-year retrospective analysis and typology based on billing data
In the context of an aging population, homecare visits by family physicians may contribute to maintaining older patients at home; however, home visits by family physicians have decreased in number in the last decade with the emergence of homecare-oriented healthcare services. The authors aimed to describe the diversity of activities and evolution over time of home visits by Swiss family physicians. From 2006 to 2015, Vaud family physicians made 451,634 home visits. Most home visits were routine visits while emergency home visits were rare.
Distribution of low quality filtering facepiece respirators during the COVID-19 pandemic: an independent analysis of the situation in Switzerland
The demand for FFP respirators exceeded the supply capacity from established suppliers of the Swiss market. New production and import channels emerged, as did the number of poor-quality FFP respirators. FFP respirators remaining in stocks should be checked for conformity before being used, or eliminated and replaced if quality does not meet standards.
Retrospective analysis of adverse drug reactions leading to short-term emergency hospital readmission
ADR-related readmissions constituted a considerable part of short-term emergency readmissions. Despite being a relevant cause for rehospitalisation, only a minority of the ADRs were reported to the regulatory authorities.