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NRS-2002 components, nutritional score and severity of disease score, and their association with hospital length of stay and mortality
Malnutrition is a substantial issue in hospitals, leading to prolonged length of hospital stay, increased perioperative morbidity and increased mortality. There are several validated screening tools for malnutrition, one of which is the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS). The aim of the study was to evaluate how the two NRS components Nutritional Score (NS) and Severity of Disease Score (SDS) are associated with patients’ length of hospital stay and mortality.
Vitamin D deficiency was a common finding in this cohort, affecting all age groups and occurring in over half of the values measured. As current guidelines recommend vitamin D concentrations >75 nmol/l, only 22.1% of measured values indicated adequate vitamin D levels. This issue should be addressed in order to improve quality of life and reduce medical costs.
Iron overload associated symptoms and laboratory changes in the Swiss Haemochromatosis Cohort – when a clinician should become attentive
Elevated ALT levels and metacarpophalangeal arthropathy remained independently associated with elevated ferritin levels in patients with haemochromatosis and should prompt clinicians to consider iron overload in patients with hereditary haemochromatosis.
Recent evidence suggests that photic inputs regulate diurnal variations in the insulin sensitivity of metabolically relevant tissues via a previously unrecognised mechanism involving the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms underlying photic control of insulin action is of paramount medical importance.
Chronic heavy energy drink consumers are a significant population subgroup in Switzerland and are relevant for public health due to the co-occurrence of unhealthy substance use.
The significance of malnutrition in medical patients in hospitals has finally been recognised, and malnutrition has become an independent diagnosis. This is relevant not only for the care of patients but also economically, and as such is of paramount importance in health care.
Recent trials have demonstrated that early, individualised nutritional support improves clinical outcomes of patients. Hence, we must now think of clinical nutrition as a medical treatment that has a measurable impact on disease development and recovery.
Glycaemic patterns in healthy elderly individuals and in those with impaired glucose metabolism – exploring the relationship with nonglycaemic variables
This study relates the glycation gap to lipid metabolism, low grade inflammation as evidenced by high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and kidney function as estimated by glomerular filtration rates.
Malnutrition is highly prevalent in the inpatient setting, particularly in older patients with multiple morbidities, but the medical community struggles to find efficient, evidence-based approaches for its prevention and treatment.
Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant occurring naturally in some foods and used to treat primary apnoea in premature babies. However, high caffeine intake can be harmful, and caffeine is transmitted into breastmilk.