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Glycaemic patterns in healthy elderly individuals and in those with impaired glucose metabolism – exploring the relationship with nonglycaemic variables
This study relates the glycation gap to lipid metabolism, low grade inflammation as evidenced by high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and kidney function as estimated by glomerular filtration rates.
Malnutrition is highly prevalent in the inpatient setting, particularly in older patients with multiple morbidities, but the medical community struggles to find efficient, evidence-based approaches for its prevention and treatment.
Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant occurring naturally in some foods and used to treat primary apnoea in premature babies. However, high caffeine intake can be harmful, and caffeine is transmitted into breastmilk.
Cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) is widely supplemented in breast cancer survivors because of the role of vitamin D in multiple health outcomes, but usual supplementation regimens appear to be inadequate in many cases.
Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and intramuscular vitamin D3 supplementation among Eritrean migrants recently arrived in Switzerland
Vitamin D production is heavily affected by UVB exposure and the amount of melanin pigment in the skin. Thus, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels vary among ethnic groups. Thresholds for vitamin D deficiency in African populations are still under debate.
Diet, medication use and drug intake during pregnancy: data from the consecutive Swiss Health Surveys of 2007 and 2012
Nutrition habits, use of medication and consumption of drugs during pregnancy have lasting effects on the development of the embryo/fetus. Pregnant women should be aware of these effects.
Prescription and indication for oral nutritional supplements in a Swiss university hospital: a prospective survey
Patients with an acute or chronically negative nutritional balance are at nutritional risk. Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are a simple and effective treatment of nutritional risk.
Not all anaemic people are iron deficient, and iron deficiency may occur without anaemia. The diagnosis of iron deficiency and/or iron deficiency anaemia should be confirmed with laboratory tests before iron supplementation (especially parenteral) is given.
It appears that obesity per se, rather than metabolic syndrome, is linked to increased circulating levels of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in children and adolescents.