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Glycaemic patterns in healthy elderly individuals and in those with impaired glucose metabolism – exploring the relationship with nonglycaemic variables

Original article
Medina Escobar P, Sakem B, Risch L, Risch M, Grebhardt C, Nydegger UE, Stanga Z
Swiss Med Wkly. 2019;149:w20163

This study relates the glycation gap to lipid metabolism, low grade inflammation as evidenced by high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and kidney function as estimated by glomerular filtration rates.

Evidence-based nutrition for the malnourished, hospitalised patient: one bite at a time

Review article: Biomedical intelligence
Merker M, Gomes F, Stanga Z, Schuetz P
Swiss Med Wkly. 2019;149:w20112

Malnutrition is highly prevalent in the inpatient setting, particularly in older patients with multiple morbidities, but the medical community struggles to find efficient, evidence-based approaches for its prevention and treatment.

Effects of maternal caffeine consumption on the breastfed child: a systematic review

Systematic review
McCreedy A, Bird S, Brown LJ, Shaw-Stewart J, Chen YF
Swiss Med Wkly. 2018;148:w14665

Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant occurring naturally in some foods and used to treat primary apnoea in premature babies. However, high caffeine intake can be harmful, and caffeine is transmitted into breastmilk.

Vitamin D levels in Swiss breast cancer survivors

Original article
Baumann M, Dani SU, Dietrich D, Hochstrasser A, Klingbiel D, Mark MT, Riesen WF, Ruhstaller T, Templeton AJ, Thürlimann B
Swiss Med Wkly. 2018;148:w14576

Cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) is widely supplemented in breast cancer survivors because of the role of vitamin D in multiple health outcomes, but usual supplementation regimens appear to be inadequate in many cases.

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and intramuscular vitamin D3 supplementation among Eritrean migrants recently arrived in Switzerland

Original article
Chernet A, Hensch N, Kling K, Sydow V, Hatz C, Paris DH, Rentsch K, Nickel B, Neumayr A, Labhardt ND
Swiss Med Wkly. 2017;147:w14568

Vitamin D production is heavily affected by UVB exposure and the amount of melanin pigment in the skin. Thus, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels vary among ethnic groups. Thresholds for vitamin D deficiency in African populations are still under debate.

Diet, medication use and drug intake during pregnancy: data from the consecutive Swiss Health Surveys of 2007 and 2012

Original article
Bornhauser C, Quack Lötscher KC, Seifert B, Simões-Wüst AP
Swiss Med Wkly. 2017;147:w14572

Nutrition habits, use of medication and consumption of drugs during pregnancy have lasting effects on the development of the embryo/fetus. Pregnant women should be aware of these effects.

Prescription and indication for oral nutritional supplements in a Swiss university hospital: a prospective survey

Original article
Mareschal J, Altwegg J, Berthet D, Chikhi M, Chopard P, Graf S, Sierro C, Pichard C, Genton L
Swiss Med Wkly. 2017;147:w14475

Patients with an acute or chronically negative nutritional balance are at nutritional risk. Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are a simple and effective treatment of nutritional risk.

Iron supplementation in Switzerland - A bi-national, descriptive and observational study

Original article
Biétry FA, Hug B, Reich O, Susan JS, Meier CR
Swiss Med Wkly. 2017;147:w14444

Not all anaemic people are iron deficient, and iron deficiency may occur without anaemia. The diagnosis of iron deficiency and/or iron deficiency anaemia should be confirmed with laboratory tests before iron supplementation (especially parenteral) is given.

Markers of subclinical atherosclerosis in schoolchildren with obesity and metabolic syndrome

Original article
Al-Shorman A, Al-Domi H, Faqih A
Swiss Med Wkly. 2017;147:w14446

It appears that obesity per se, rather than metabolic syndrome, is linked to increased circulating levels of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in children and adolescents.

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