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Recent evidence suggests that photic inputs regulate diurnal variations in the insulin sensitivity of metabolically relevant tissues via a previously unrecognised mechanism involving the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms underlying photic control of insulin action is of paramount medical importance.
Chronic heavy energy drink consumers are a significant population subgroup in Switzerland and are relevant for public health due to the co-occurrence of unhealthy substance use.
The significance of malnutrition in medical patients in hospitals has finally been recognised, and malnutrition has become an independent diagnosis. This is relevant not only for the care of patients but also economically, and as such is of paramount importance in health care.
Recent trials have demonstrated that early, individualised nutritional support improves clinical outcomes of patients. Hence, we must now think of clinical nutrition as a medical treatment that has a measurable impact on disease development and recovery.
Glycaemic patterns in healthy elderly individuals and in those with impaired glucose metabolism – exploring the relationship with nonglycaemic variables
This study relates the glycation gap to lipid metabolism, low grade inflammation as evidenced by high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and kidney function as estimated by glomerular filtration rates.
Malnutrition is highly prevalent in the inpatient setting, particularly in older patients with multiple morbidities, but the medical community struggles to find efficient, evidence-based approaches for its prevention and treatment.
Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant occurring naturally in some foods and used to treat primary apnoea in premature babies. However, high caffeine intake can be harmful, and caffeine is transmitted into breastmilk.
Cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) is widely supplemented in breast cancer survivors because of the role of vitamin D in multiple health outcomes, but usual supplementation regimens appear to be inadequate in many cases.
Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and intramuscular vitamin D3 supplementation among Eritrean migrants recently arrived in Switzerland
Vitamin D production is heavily affected by UVB exposure and the amount of melanin pigment in the skin. Thus, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels vary among ethnic groups. Thresholds for vitamin D deficiency in African populations are still under debate.