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Research projects in human genetics in Switzerland: analysis of research protocols submitted to cantonal ethics committees in 2018
This analysis provides a full national overview of genetic research dossiers pertaining to clinical and nonclinical trials, and to further-use research projects submitted for approval to ethics committees in Switzerland in 2018 .
These are the Swiss Amyloidosis Network recommendations which focus on diagnostic work-up and treatment of AL-amyloidosis. One aim of this meeting was to establish a consensus guideline regarding the diagnostic work-up and the treatment recommendations for systemic amyloidosis tailored to the Swiss health care system.
Concordance of tumour characteristics and survival clustering among pairs of first-degree relatives with breast cancer
Family history is a known risk factor for breast cancer, but its prognostic value and the prognostic value of tumour characteristics in relation to family history has not been clearly established.
Actionability and scope should determine the extent of counselling for presymptomatic genetic testing
Patients considering undergoing presymptomatic genetic and genomic testing commonly receive prior genetic counselling. However, there is a need to discuss further why genetic counselling has such unique and high importance in many countries worldwide. This discussion will help to rationalise resource allocations within healthcare systems and improve patient communication in genetics and other fields.
The recommendations of the Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences (SAMS) are designed to draw attention, from an ethical perspective, to important aspects of the PGT counselling and decision-making situation, and to promote ethical awareness in the performance of PGT. In addition, they discuss how, for example, surplus information should be managed.
Little is known at the moment about specific immune mechanisms that would work against SARS-CoV-2, although such knowledge is expected to play a vital role. In this context, a particular focus has to be given to the human leucocyte antigen system that governs our adaptive immunity.
A review of HLA allele and SNP associations with highly prevalent infectious diseases in human populations
This article reviews the associations that have been best documented between markers at classical HLA genes and six of the most prevalent infectious diseases, and discusses this in a population genetics and evolutionary perspective.
Prevalence of genetic susceptibility for breast and ovarian cancer in a non-cancer related study population: secondary germline findings from a Swiss single centre cohort
Since the advent of high-throughput sequencing technologies, organised germline screening, independent of personal and family cancer history, has been frequently proposed. A critical prerequisite is knowledge of the expected carrier frequencies.
Significant advances in the field of gene editing have not only provided new tools for genetic surgery, but have also heralded a new era of medicine, with possibilities never imagined even half a century ago.
Current knowledge about genetic and epigenetic involvement in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease is poor. In addition to genetic alterations, the intestinal microbiota and environmental factors also play a critical role.