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Original article

Vol. 152 No. 0910 (2022)

Increasing prevalence of obesity and diabetes among patients evaluated for liver transplantation in a Swiss tertiary referral center: a 10-year retrospective analysis

  • Sophie Kasmi
  • Florent Artru
  • Joana Vieira Barbosa
  • Ansgar Rudolf Deibel
  • Lucie Favre
  • Claire Peuble
  • Anne-Catherine Saouli
  • Nicolas Goossens
  • Beat Müllhaupt
  • Manuel Pascual
  • Darius Moradpour
  • Julien Vionnet
  • Montserrat Fraga
Cite this as:
Swiss Med Wkly. 2022;152:w30138


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is now the first cause of chronic liver disease in developed countries. We aimed to assess trends in the prevalence of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and NAFLD in patients undergoing liver transplantation evaluation and to assess whether obese patients were less likely to be listed or had an increased drop-out rate after listing.

METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of all consecutive patients who underwent liver transplantation evaluation at a Swiss tertiary referral centre between January 2009 and March 2020.

RESULTS: A total of 242 patients were included, 83% were male. The median age was 59 years (IQR, 51–64 years). The most common causes of end-stage liver disease were viral hepatitis (28%), alcoholic liver disease (21%) and NAFLD (12%). Obesity was present in 28% of our cohort, with a significant increase over time. Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus followed the same trend (p = 0.02). The proportions of non-listed and listed obese patients did not differ (21% vs. 30% respectively; p = 0.3).

CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus significantly increased over our study period. Obese patients had similar chances of being listed. The landscape of liver transplantation indications is shifting towards NAFLD, highlighting the urgent need to prevent NAFLD progression.


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