Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Special article

Vol. 148 No. 4344 (2018)

Medical-ethical guidelines: Determination of death with regard to organ transplantation and preparations for organ removal

  • Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences (SAMS)
Cite this as:
Swiss Med Wkly. 2018;148:w14524


  1. Busl KM, Greer DM. Pitfalls in the diagnosis of brain death. Neurocrit Care. 2009;11(2):276–87. doi:.
  2. Citerio G, Crippa IA, Bronco A, Vargiolu A, Smith M. Variability in brain death determination in europe: looking for a solution. Neurocrit Care. 2014;21(3):376–82. doi:.
  3. Conti A, Iacopino DG, Spada A, Cardali SM, Giusa M, La Torre D, et al. Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in the assessment of cerebral circulation arrest: improving sensitivity by transcervical and transorbital carotid insonation and serial examinations. Neurocrit Care. 2009;10(3):326–35. doi:.
  4. de Freitas GR, André C. Sensitivity of transcranial Doppler for confirming brain death: a prospective study of 270 cases. Acta Neurol Scand. 2006;113(6):426–32. doi:.
  5. Gardiner D, Shemie S, Manara A, Opdam H. International perspective on the diagnosis of death. Br J Anaesth. 2012;108(S1, Suppl 1):i14–28. doi:.
  6. Goldberger ZD, Chan PS, Berg RA, Kronick SL, Cooke CR, Lu M, et al.; American Heart Association Get With The Guidelines—Resuscitation (formerly National Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) Investigators. Duration of resuscitation efforts and survival after in-hospital cardiac arrest: an observational study. Lancet. 2012;380(9852):1473–81. doi:.
  7. Hanley H, Kim S, Willey E, Castleberry D, Mathur M. Identifying potential kidney donors among newborns undergoing circulatory determination of death. Pediatrics. 2014;133(1):e82–7. doi:.
  8. Heran MK, Heran NS, Shemie SD. A review of ancillary tests in evaluating brain death. Can J Neurol Sci. 2008;35(4):409–19. doi:.
  9. Kuo JR, Chen CF, Chio CC, Chang CH, Wang CC, Yang CM, et al. Time dependent validity in the diagnosis of brain death using transcranial Doppler sonography. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2006;77(5):646–9. doi:.
  10. Monteverde S, Rid A. Controversies in the determination of death: perspectives from Switzerland. Swiss Med Wkly. 2012;142:w13667.
  11. Nakagawa TA, Ashwal S, Mathur M, Mysore M,Society of Critical Care Medicine, Section on Critical Care and Section on Neurology of American Academy of Pediatrics, Child Neurology Society. Clinical report—Guidelines for the determination of brain death in infants and children: an update of the 1987 task force recommendations. Pediatrics. 2011;128(3):e720–40. doi:.
  12. Poularas J, Karakitsos D, Kouraklis G, Kostakis A, De Groot E, Kalogeromitros A, et al. Comparison between transcranial color Doppler ultrasonography and angiography in the confirmation of brain death. Transplant Proc. 2006;38(5):1213–7. doi:.
  13. Rieke A, Regli B, Mattle HP, Brekenfeld C, Gralla J, Schroth G, Ozdoba C. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) to prove circulatory arrest for the diagnosis of brain death in the context of organ transplantation. Swiss Med Wkly. 2011;141:w13261. doi:.
  14. Saposnik G, Basile VS, Young GB. Movements in brain death: a systematic review. Can J Neurol Sci. 2009;36(2):154–60. doi:.
  15. Wijdicks EF. Pitfalls and slip-ups in brain death determination. Neurol Res. 2013;35(2):169–73. doi:.

Most read articles by the same author(s)