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Original article

Vol. 143 No. 0102 (2013)

The impact of recipient HLA-Cw and donor killer immunoglobulin-like receptor genotyping on the outcome of patients receiving HLA-matched sibling donor haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for myeloid malignancies

  • Hua Wang
  • Yi He
  • Wen-jing Zhai
  • Mei Wang
  • Zheng Zhou
  • Ying-xin Zhao
  • Si-zhou Feng
  • Ming-zhe Han
Cite this as:
Swiss Med Wkly. 2013;143:w13717


BACKGROUND: The alloreactivity of natural killer cell and certain subsets of T lymphocyte are regulated by the interaction between killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) of donor cells and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-class I molecules on target cells. The interaction has been shown to influence the outcome of allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Homozygous C1 or C2 and heterozygous C1/C2 were divided by HLA-Cw typing and they influenced the outcome of HSCT.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to analyse the impact of interaction between recipient HLA-Cw and donor KIR on outcome.

METHODS: The genotypes of recipient HLA-Cw ligands and donor KIRs were correlated with the clinical outcomes of 52 patients who received HLA-matched, sibling donor HSCT for myeloid malignancies.

RESULTS: The incidence of chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD) was significantly lower in C1 or C2 homozygotes than in C1/C2 heterozygotes (p = 0.000). Higher overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were observed in C1 or C2 homozygotes than in C1/C2 heterozygotes (OS, 81% ± 8% vs 54% ± 10%, p = 0.034; DFS, 81% ± 8% vs 54% ± 10%, p = 0.024). A lower incidence of chronic GVHD and higher OS and DFS were observed in the HLA-KIR mismatched group (chronic GVHD, p = 0.007; OS, 84% ± 7% vs 47% ± 13%, p = 0.003; DFS, 84% ± 7% vs 47% ± 13%, p = 0.002).

CONCLUSION: The interaction between recipient HLA ligand and donor KIR had a significant impact on the outcome of patients receiving matched sibling HSCT. C1/C2 heterozygotes or HLA-KIR matched patients may benefit from additional intensified therapy with better outcome.  


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