With the increasing popularity of lifestyle programmes and the common perception that consuming several litres of fluid per day is healthy, the prevalence of primary polydipsia is increasing, particularly outside of the psychiatric setting.
Infection with JC polyomavirus is widespread. In immunologically healthy individuals, it persists throughout life in the kidney and urinary tract; in immunocompromised patients, it can cause serious opportunistic infection.
Enhanced interprofessional collaboration has long been seen as a path to higher quality and lower spending in health care and as an opportunity to equalise power relations among health practitioners.
During pregnancy, maternal antibodies are transferred via the placenta to the fetus. Immunising future mothers maximises the amount of antibodies available for transfer. However, there is a certain reluctance to immunise pregnant women.
Many pathogenic bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus, face different environmental conditions to which they need to adapt rapidly. A common theme for these bacteria is the regulation of gene expression.
Implementing the Chronic Care Model via involvement of specially trained practice nurses improves care among type 2 diabetes patients in small primary care practices in the short term. Little is known about the long-term effects.
Completion of thyroidectomy is necessary when a malignancy larger than a microcarcinoma is detected in one lobe. In this case, the risk for temporary hypocalcaemia might be lower since the remaining parathyroid glands might recover function between the two surgeries.
The transcription factor MAFB appears to negatively regulate progenitor cell differentiation into osteoclasts. Mutations in MAFB, as found in multicentric carpotarsal osteolysis, might release the block of osteoclast differentiation.
In 2013, a prospective registry for adults with congenital heart disease was established in Switzerland, providing detailed data on disease and outcomes.
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