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Diet, medication use and drug intake during pregnancy: data from the Swiss Health Surveys 2007 and 2012

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4414/smw.2018.14592
Publication Date: 07.02.2018
Swiss Med Wkly. 2018;148:w14592

Koutelidakis Antonios E.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of the Aegean, Myrina, Lemnos, Greece

The research study entitled “Diet, medication use and drug intake during pregnancy: data from the consecutive Swiss Health Surveys of 2007 and 2012” by Bornhauser et al. presents and compares dietary and behavioural attitudes between pregnant and non-pregnant women in Switzerland [1]. This is an interesting study, which presents a wide range of data for a large sample of pregnant and non-pregnant women, with adequate discussion of the results. Although the scientific soundness of the study is relatively high, its importance would have been increased if the methodology had been better in some aspects and the authors had used specific, validated questionnaires (such as FFQ or 24h recall) to investigate the women’s nutritional behaviours.

The authors concluded that “During pregnancy, a considerable proportion of the women adapted their diet and seemed to refrain from using pain killers and from consuming alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs.” The data are positive for the Swiss population, given the fact that the basic guidelines for a health-promoting lifestyle before and during pregnancy include appropriate weight gain, abstinence from drugs, alcohol and smoking, appropriate physical activity and consumption of a variety of foods in accordance with dietary recommendations [2, 3]. Nevertheless, the study did not report the weight gain of the women at the end of the study. These data would be very interesting, given that a normal weight gain during pregnancy, in compliance with the relevant guidelines, is associated with a healthy pregnancy and is strongly affected by women's diet and lifestyle during pregnancy [2, 4, 5].

The study observed that “Significantly more pregnant than non-pregnant women revealed a high nutritional awareness, claiming to pay attention to what they ate. Frequent consumption of milk products and fish, and moderate consumption of meat were found more often in the pregnant group.” The data show that Swiss pregnant women possibly follow a balanced diet. Several scientific publications have supported the conclusion that adoption of a balanced diet (in accordance with nutritional guidelines and with similarities to the Mediterranean diet) and, specifically, an increased consumption of fruit, vegetables and fish, and moderate consumption of red meat may be associated with healthy pregnancy and normal fetal growth. A diet with a lower glycaemic index and the adequate provision of iron, calcium, vitamins (such as vitamin B12 and folic acid) and antioxidants may also promote the health of both the pregnant woman and the fetus [69].

Adoption of a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy, as described in the current study, should remain a basic aim of national policies for health promotion and prevention of unexpected pregnancy outcomes.

Disclosure statement

No financial support and no other potential conflict of interest relevant to this article were reported.

Correspondence

Antonios E. Koutelidakis, PhD, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of the Aegean, GR-81440 Myrina, Lemnos, akoutel[at]env.aegean.gr

References

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