Author reply to letter

Reply to the letter to the editor "Assessing the role of platelet activation in bevacizumab associated thrombosis"

Reply

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4414/smw.2011.13279
Publication Date: 18.10.2011
Swiss Med Wkly. 2011;141:w13279

Walter H. Reinharta, Martin Fehrb, Roger von Moosb

a Department of Medicine, Kantonsspital Graubünden, Chur, Switzerland
b Division of Oncology, Kantonsspital Graubünden, Chur, Switzerland
 

We appreciate the recent comments of Amirkhosravi and colleagues on our study [1, 2]. In response, we would like to take the opportunity to clarify some points in order to prevent further misunderstandings.

Our study was a clinical investigation aimed at understanding what happens in patients treated with bevacizumab. The research hypothesis was not only based on the work of Meyer et al. [3] but also on the experimental work of other groups such as Selheim et al. [4], who have described other VEGF-related mechanisms of platelet activation in the absence of heparin.

Amirkhosravi et al. argue that the PFA instrument has not been sufficiently evaluated. In our hands, however, the PFA-100 instrument has been useful in various in vivo studies. Thus, we have observed a shortened closure time, i.e. platelet activation, in the morning after wine drinking [5], after second hand smoke exposure [6], after particulate matter inhalation [7] and at high altitude [8], while a closure time prolongation i.e. platelet inhibition, has been seen after the infusion of propofol [9] or radiographic contrast media [10]. We have to accept that bevacizumab had neither of these effects.

We are of the impression that we have elucidated on the limitations of our study in great detail. In particular, we clearly stated in the discussion (on page 4 of the paper) that “This does not exclude some other form of platelet activation as described for other pathways such as ... immunocomplex-induced activation” and this statement is already in line with the recent comment of Amirkhosravi et al. [1, 2].

According to the experimental work of Meyer et al. unfractionated heparin is an essential component of the platelet activation via the Fc gamma receptor by bevacizumab containing immunocomplexes [3]. Amirkhosravi et al. have confirmed this in their comment [1]. However, patients treated with bevacizumab do not receive unfractionated heparin on a regular basis. Therefore, it remains unclear whether their elegantly demonstrated heparin-dependent pathomechanism can be relevant in clinical practice in the absence of heparin. Consequently, our conclusion that future research on the complications of bevacizumab should also take other potential mechanisms into account – such as the interaction of bevacizumab with endothelial cell function or plasmatic coagulation – remains justified.

Correspondence

Correspondence: Martin Fehr, MD, Division of Oncology, Kantonsspital Graubünden, CH-7000 Chur, Switzerland, martinfehr@ymail.com

Letter to the Editor:http://www.smw.ch/content/smw-2011-13278/

References

  1 Amirkhosravi A, Meyer T, Francis JL. Assessing the role of platelet activation in bevacizumab associated thrombosis. Swiss Med Wkly. 2011.

  2 Fehr M, Catschegn S, Reinhart WH, Madon J, Asmis L, Cathomas R, von Moos R. The influence of bevacizumab on platelet function. Swiss Med Wkly. 2011;141:w13243.

  3 Meyer T, Robles-Carrillo L, Robson T, Langer F, Desai H, Davila M, et al. Bevacizumab immune complexes activate platelets and induce thrombosis in FCGR2A transgenic mice. J Thromb Haemost. 2009;7(1):171–81.

  4 Selheim F, Holmsen H, Vassbotn FS. Identification of functional VEGF receptors on human platelets. FEBS Lett. 2002;512(1-3):107–10.

  5 Fehr M, Galliard-Grigioni KS, Reinhart WH. Influence of acute alcohol exposure on hemorheological parameters and platelet function in vivo and in vitro. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2008;39:351–8.

  6 Lardi E, Ott C, Schulzki T, Kuhn M, Bonetti PO, Reinhart WH. Acute effects of short-term exposure to second-hand smoke on induced platelet aggregation. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2010;45:359–64.

  7 Schicker B, Kuhn M, Fehr R, Asmis LM, Karagiannidis C, Reinhart WH. Particulate matter inhalation during hay storing activity induces systemic inflammation and platelet aggregation. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2009;105:771–8.

  8 Lehmann T, Mairbäurl H, Pleisch B, Maggiorini M, Bärtsch P, Reinhart WH. Platelet count and function at high altitude and in high-altitude pulmonary edema. J Appl Physiol. 2006;100:690–4.

  9 Reinhart WH, Felix Ch. Influence of propofol on erythrocyte morphology, blood viscosity and platelet function. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2003;29:33–40.

10 Reinhart WH, Pleisch B, Harris LG, Lütolf M. Influence of contrast media (iopromide, ioxaglate, gadolinium-DOTA) on blood viscosity, erythrocyte morphology and platelet function. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2005;32:227–39.

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